image description

Glossary of Terms

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
Term Definition
Greasy, sweat pieces of wool found on the outer edge of the fleece.
Full mouth
Sheep over four years of age.
Long hair like fibres.
Period of pregnancy, for sheep it is approx. 150 days.
Gilling is the blending together of card slivers with the direction of feed alternated to make a final sliver suitable for spinning. In worsted processing, three gilling operations are usually carried out prior to combing and two after combing.
Grab Sampling
A method of taking a representative samples from wool bales. A jaw is driven by a machine into the wool bale and when withdrawn brings out a sample of fibres. Grab samples can be used to measure length and strength.
The classification system used to describe raw wool.
A fatty, pale yellow wax that coats the raw wool fibre and yields lanolin.
Greasy wool
Wool as it is shorn from the sheep, before any processing.
Gun shearer
A shearer who shears more the 200 sheep per day.
The quality of fabric, yarn or fibre assessed by the reaction obtained from the sense of touch. Comprising the judgment of roughness, smoothness, harshness, pliability, thickness, softness, etc.
Mechanical instrument used for the removal of wool from a sheep.
Yarns which are spun by hand using a spinning wheel or electric spinner.
Hauteur (H, mm)

Hauteur is mean fibre length in a top. Hauteur is usually regarded as a numerical average (i.e.. Assumes no relationship between fibre length and diameter), but is actually a length-biased distribution. The variation in the length is expressed as CVH%.

Young sheep approx. 12-18 months of age. In Australia, hogget wool comes from young sheep that are usually shorn as lambs, with the first fleece then known as hogget wool.
Go to top