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Glossary of Terms

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Term Definition
Long hair like fibres.
Period of pregnancy, for sheep it is approx. 150 days.
Gilling is the blending together of card slivers with the direction of feed alternated to make a final sliver suitable for spinning. In worsted processing, three gilling operations are usually carried out prior to combing and two after combing.
Grab Sampling
A method of taking a representative samples from wool bales. A jaw is driven by a machine into the wool bale and when withdrawn brings out a sample of fibres. Grab samples can be used to measure length and strength.
The classification system used to describe raw wool.
A fatty, pale yellow wax that coats the raw wool fibre and yields lanolin.
Greasy wool
Wool as it is shorn from the sheep, before any processing.
Gun shearer
A shearer who shears more the 200 sheep per day.
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