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Glossary of Terms

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Term Definition
In lamb
Refers to a pregnant ewe.

Front teeth on the sheep's lower jaw used for cutting.

Capable of infecting an animal and causing disease. Infectious agents are bacteria and viruses. Footrot and Ovine Johnes Disease are examples of infectious diseases. Infectious diseases can be transmitted by direct contact between animals (contagious diseases), or by a carrier such as an insect.

Inside the animal's body. Usually refers to parasites, such as worms (roundworms, fluke, tapeworm).

International Wool Textile Organisation. An international forum for establishing standardised test procedures (IWTO Test Specifications), regulations governing the use of these procedures (IWTO Regulations), and procedures for arbitrating disputes over commercial transactions involving raw wool, wool sliver and wool yarns (the IWTO Blue Book). IWTO is pivotal in providing a technical and commercial framework for international and intra-national trade involving wool. Representation within IWTO is via National Committees appointed by the Wool Industry associations within member countries.
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